History: Confederation

Sept-October 2012


Students examine the major factors and significant events that led to the creation of the Dominion of Canada in 1867 and evaluate the natural and human challenges facing the advocates of union. They investigate regional interests and other factors that led to the growth of Canada, as other provinces and territories joined Confederation. They extend their understanding of national issues by comparing negotiations among regional interests at the time of Confederation with similar debates in Canada today.

 Overall Expectations

By the end of Grade 8, students will:

  • describe the internal and external political factors, key personalities, significant events, and geographical realities that led to the creation of the Dominion of Canada in 1867, and to the growth of Canada as other provinces and territories joined Confederation;
  • use a variety of resources and tools to gather, process, and communicate information about the needs and challenges that led to the formation and expansion of the Canadian federation;
  • compare Canada as it was in 1867 to the Canada of today, including political, social, and other issues facing the country in both periods.


History: Grade 8 Confederation. 1

History: Grade 8 The Development of Western Canada. 3

History: Grade 8 Canada: A Changing Society. 4

Geography: Grade 8 Patterns in Human Geography. 6

Geography: Grade 8 Economic Systems. 7

Geography: Grade 8 Migration. 9

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