Category Archives: 8 Geography

10 Fast Growing Careers

Each time you send in a resume or fill out an application, you imagine you’re just one in 100 who may never be considered for the job. But in some fields, the odds are in your favor because as the number of professionals flocking to them increases, so does the number of positions becoming available.

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Grade 8 Geography: Economics

Economic Systems plan – Workbook.pdf

  1. Define economic system. Be able to explain the 2 main parts of an economic system.
  2. Identify and describe the four main types of economic systems. Give examples to show which economic system is most used in Canada today.
  3. Know the definitions of:
  • market,
  • consumer,

4. Key Vocabulary- Match the word in Column A to an appropriate term in Column B.

Capital 1. The effort of humans to produce goods and services
Subsistence Farming 2. Goods and services that improve life and can be touched or counted
Labour 3. Factors that improve life but cannot be touched, such as human rights
Gross Domestic ProductGross National Product 4. The natural resources available to a culture for economic activity
Technology 5. Anything that can be bought or sold
Material Wealth 6. Resources used in economic activity that are not natural resources, for example, machinery and knowledge
Formal Economic Activity 7. Work for which records are not kept
Non-Material Wealth 8. Money used to make economic activities possible
Land 9. Loans taken out by a country to improve the quality of life of its people
Commodities 10. Rapid development of manufacturing, usually as agriculture is declining
Informal Economic Activity 11. Statistics that measure the value of goods and services in a country
Foreign Debt 12. Meeting the basic needs of survival
Industrialization 13. Work for which wages are paid and records are kept


5. Applying Your Knowledge:

After viewing, explain how you think we should change our economy’s production and distribution methods.


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I am your LEADER!

Grade 8 Geography: Summative Project: Geography Leader PPT.pptx

Alright future leaders of the world, here’s your chance to practice running the world!  As your summative geography assignment, you are going to run for leader of a country of your choice. You will create a country profile, based on the attached PowerPoint slides, and create a presentation to your loyal subjects, as to why you should be leader of your selected country.

Success Criteria


  • You will write and hand in a copy of your speech (that will accompany your PPT presentation). As always, word choice will be important since you are trying to “persuade” your audience to vote for you.
    • Purpose: To convince voters to vote for you. That means, present information  with a positive spin on it! Don’t bore them. (Writing mark)
  • You will obviously include many facts in your presentation, but you will be expected to include your opinion! For example, when looking at your country’s population pyramid, what inferences/opinions can you make about the data?
  • Finally, your election platform: the three things you’d like to change about your country, will need to be a combination of facts and opinions. You will look at all of the data you’ve collected on your country and then decide what you think should be done to “fix it”.
    • The better your explanation, the better your mark!

Oral Presentation

  • Audience: Pretend the class is at a political rally listening to you speak. Inspire them!  Speak with passion (Oral mark)!

Media Mark

  • Media: Make sure your PPT is visually stunning! Slides should contain a little text, and large, interesting graphics that you can speak to (don’t put all of your speech into words).
  • All numbers should be displayed graphically – that means, in graph format (using Excel or PPT to create)!

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200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes

An Amazing summary of global health and wealth over the last 200 years of human civilization!

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GapMinder: Life Expectancy PPT

Life expectancy is an important measure of a country’s overall health. This Power Point presentation explains the basics of life expectancy and is available at:

Background Information

  • Life expectancy is an average. Most people live either much longer or much shorter than what the life expectancy indicates.
  • When life expectancy is low, this is mostly due to a very high child mortality rate. Those that survive the dangers of childhood can expect to live to a relatively old age, even in countries with very low life expectancy.
  • Mean age of death during a year. Imagine if we looked up all the obituaries during a single year, noted the ages at death and calculated the mean of all those ages. That would be the mean age of death.
  • Cohort life expectancy. Cohort life expectancy is the average age at death of those born in a particular year. Let us, for example, look up all those that were
    born in Sweden in, say, 1860. In that year 133,162 babies were born in Sweden. By 1965 the last of them had died, at the age of 105 year.If we calculate the mean of the ages at death of all of these 133,162 people we find it is 48 years. This is the cohort life expectancy for 1860.
  • The forecast mean age of death of those born in a particular year. If we are happy with the cohort measure above but do not want to wait more than 100 years to obtain it for 2007, then we could perhaps attempt to make some sort of prediction. This would then be a forecast cohort life expectancy for 2007.

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Human Geography: Earth in Peril

In this interactive, world maps reveal the human footprint on Earth’s water, air, climate, forests, and animal habitats. Examine geographical connections between population growth and environmental degradation across the globe.

Launch Interactive Printable Version

  1. Cities: By 2030, what percentage of the global population will live in cities?  How will this impact the environment?
  2. Water: What percentage of the earth is covered in water? What percentage is “drinking water”? What do experts recommend we do?
  3. How do consumption and rapid population growth affect our planet’s natural resources?
    1. Growth: What is the estimated population in 2050? Where will 98% of the growth occur?
  4. Air: How much as carbon dioxide emissions increased in the last 200 years? Who are the biggest polluters (which countries?)
  5. Climate: Over the next 100 years, what will happen to the earth’s temperature? Why? What could happen to cooler areas?
  6. Forests: What are frontier forests? Modified forests? What percentage of the world’s remaining forests are endangered?
  7. Land: What is causing agricultural topsoil to diminish? What percentage of the land is used for housing? Farming and forestry? Pasture areas?
  8. Habitats: The coral reefs are home to ___% of sea life? What is coral reef bleeching a sign of, and what is the end result?

This feature originally appeared on the site for the NOVA program World in the Balance.

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Geography: World in Balance – Global Population Growth

Human Numbers through Time:

Answer the questions on this Word doc: World-Population-Through-Time.doc

  1. What was the global population 2000 years ago?
  2. When did the global population decline? Why?
  3. In 1800, where did 65% of the population live? What percentage lived in North America?
  4. What year was the 2 billionth baby born?What was happening with health care at this time?
  5. In the 1960s, population hit it’s growth peak. How quickly was it growing?
  6. Between 1974 and 1987, how much did the global population increase by ?
  7. 1999: What percentage of the population live in Latin America? North America? Asia?
  8. What is the projected global population for 2050? Where will most of that growth happen? (click “See Graph”)


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Canada Job Trends

Canada’s Most In-Demand Jobs

It still pays to be a man in Canada:

Best Paying Jobs for Women

Best Paying Jobs for Young Professionals in Canada

Youth Unemployment in Canada & the World

The Most Miserable Places on Earth (Inflation & Unemployment)

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Human Population Index

Open the following link:

Complete the following questions in this Word doc:  Human Development Index.doc

Human Development Index (HDI)

  1. What is the Indicator description (right column). What does the HDI look at?

Click “More” at the bottom of the description:

  • What is extreme poverty defined as?
  • What are the four basic human needs defined under “What is development”?
  • What does sustainable development require?
  • What does the Millennial Development Goal (MDG) hope to reduce by 2015 (list all six items)?

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Human Mobility: Overcoming Barriers

Human Mobility.doc

Human Development Report (2009):

  1. How can migration expand a person’s choices?
  2. What are some of the benefits of migration?
  3. Which group particularly would benefit from migration?

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