Monthly Archives: November 2013

Newspaper Features: Terminology

Newspaper – teachers_guide_lesson.pdf

  1. Byline: tells who wrote the story; may include the writer’s title.
  2. Classified ad: an ad that appears in the classified or “want ad” section of the newspaper.
  3. Column: a vertical division of the layout that helps give structure to the pages. Newspaper stories and images are measured in column inches: the number of columns wide by the number of inches long.
  4. Cutline/caption: explains what is happening in a photograph or illustration. The use of “cut” dates back to a time when images in the newspaper were printed from carved wood and etched metal. A cutline or caption sometimes may include a photo credit, the name of the person who took the picture.
  5. Dateline: the location (and sometimes the date) from which a story was sent, usually given at the beginning of a story. The term was first used at a time when news often took days to reach a reader, so the date and location of the event were included in the story.
  6. Display ad: an ad for a business or organization that appears on a newspaper page.
  7. Editorial: a type of story on the editorial page that expresses an opinion of the newspaper and encourages the reader to take some action.
  8. Flag/logo: the name of the newspaper as it appears at the top of page one.
  9. Folio line: the date and page number that appears at the top of each newspaper page.
  10. Headline: large type written and designed to summarize a story and get the reader’s attention.
  11. Index: tells the reader where regularly featured pages, such as sports, weather and local news, can be found.
  12. Jumpline: the line that tells the reader on which page the story is continued.
  13. Lead: the beginning of the story, which summarizes it and/or grabs the reader’s attention.
  14. Masthead: the formal statement of the newspaper’s name, officers, management and place of publication. It usually appears on the editorial page.
  15. Wire story: a story written by a reporter for a news service, such as The Associated Press or Reuters.

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Newspaper Features pt 1

Download this file to fill in your answers: Worksheet: newspaper features.doc
right-click, save target as)

Newspapers have 4 basic functions

  • to inform,
  • to interpret the news,
  • to provide a service to readers, and
  • to entertain.

These functions core functions explain what the newspaper does, and they are why people  read it.

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BBC Physical Geography Links

Physical processes

Physical geography is about understanding how sequences of events and activities in the physical world lead to changes in places, landscapes and societies. Learn more about physical processes in this section.

Glaciation: ReviseActivityTest
Plate tectonics: ReviseActivityTest
Rivers and flooding: ReviseActivityTest
Coasts: ReviseActivityTest
Weather and climate: ReviseActivityTest

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BBC Reading Resources


Analysing fiction and non fiction texts is discussed in this section. Learn how to look at language, layout and meaning.

Sentences: ReviseActivity
Paragraphs: ReviseActivityTest
Structure: ReviseActivity
Character: ReviseActivity
Atmosphere and setting: ReviseActivity
Writer’s tricks: ReviseActivity
Text types: ReviseActivityTest
Summarising a text: ReviseActivityTest

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BBC: Sustainable Futures

When countries need to meet the needs of today, it is crucial that they also plan for tomorrow. Rapid growth in technology or building can have long-lasting effects on the environment.

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BBC: Climatic Zones

  1. Recording weather data: ReviseTest
  2. Air masses: ReviseTest
  3. Synoptic charts and weather: ReviseTest
  4. Climatic Zones: ReviseTest

Climate is a description of the average precipitation (rainfall) and temperature experienced by an area over a year.

A Climatic Zone (or region) is an area in which all the places have a similar climate. It is possible to categorise the world into several different climatic zones.

In Standard Grade Geography you will learn about 4 of these zones: Hot DesertsEquatorial RainforestsTundra regions (sometimes called cold deserts) and Mediterranean regions.

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Math: “CREDIT” Problems

1. Brandon paid for his vacation using his credit card, which charges 21% annually.
The total cost of the trip was $1349. His credit card charges no interest if he pays
the total balance before the monthly due date. If he pays it all off at the end of the
month, how much will he owe? Show your calculations.

2. Max borrowed $1500 using a credit card at an annual interest rate of 22%. How
much interest will he owe after 2 years? Show your calculations.

3. Rachel needs a new computer. “Computer Mart” is selling it for $599 at an interest
rate of 10% annually. “Electronics Warehouse” has the same computer for $549,
with an interest rate of 13% annually. Assuming it will take her one year to complete
pay off her debt, where should she buy it? Show your calculations.

4. Amy wants to buy a wide-screen TV that sells for $2,000 cash. She will make a down
payment of $800 and monthly payments of $200. If the annual interest rate is 18%,
what is the cost of buying the TV? How long will it take her to pay off her debt? Show
your calculations.

5. Sanjay has seen a new bed that he would like to buy that will cost him $629 if he pays
cash. The $629 in his bank account earns him 2% annually. If he puts the entire
cost of the bed on his store credit card, he will pay no taxes. The rate of interest on
his credit card is 18% annually. The taxes (HST) are 13%. Assuming he would pay
off his credit card in one year, should he pay cash or use his credit card? Show your

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Grade 7 Math: Understanding Credit Card Interest

Understanding Credit Card Interest

The students will discuss the pros and cons of using a credit card. The teacher will demonstrate how to calculate interest annually. The students will be assigned a credit card worksheet of math problems to solve in pairs.

Lesson Plan: DOWNLOAD

Thinking about Credit

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce middle school learners to the complex economic world of responsible credit use, including installment credit and credit cards. The learners will identify the uses as well as the abuses of various forms of credit, including installment loans and credit cards.  They will explore ways to effectively use credit cards so that they will be better able to spend, save, invest, and donate to meet their needs and wants.

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Banking Glossary: Earn, Save, Give, Spend, and General Financial Terms

GLOSSARY of Banking Terms: Earn, Save, Give, Spend & General Financial Terms

Use this glossary of terms as a reference.


  • Direct deposit—the electronic transfer of money from one bank account to another.

  • Income—money received in a given period as wages, interest, etc.
  • Income tax—tax paid on personal income such as salary or investment income; regulated and collected by governments.
  • Net income—the amount of money an individual takes home after deductions (which include income tax, CPP and EI).
  • Profit—financial gain, the sum remaining after the deduction of expenses. See also Net income.
  • Revenue—income made from sales or earned on investments or, as with government revenue, from taxes. Revenue is the money made before expenses are subtracted, in contrast to net income.


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Tar Sands Terms and Background Info

Oil sands

Oil sands are a natural mixture of sand, water, clay and bitumen. It is believed that the oil sands were formed many millions of years ago when Alberta was covered by a warm tropical sea. The oil was formed in southern Alberta when tiny marine creatures died and fell to the bottom of the sea. Through pressure, heat and time, their tiny bodies were squished into an ooze which today, we call petroleum (rock oil). In northern Alberta, many rivers flowed away from the sea and deposited sand and sediment. When the Rocky Mountains formed, it put pressure on the land, and the oil, being a liquid, was squeezed northward and seeped into the sand, forming the Athabasca oil sands.


Bitumen is oil that is too heavy or thick to flow or be pumped without being diluted or heated. Some bitumen is found within 200 feet from the surface but the majority is deeper underground. At 10o C bitumen is as hard as a hockey puck.

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